Dustin Johnson hits off the fourth tee as Tiger Woods looks on during a practice round for the U.S. Open on Tuesday at Shinnecock Hills in Southampton, N.Y.

SOUTHAMPTON, N.Y. — The U.S. Open wants to be the ultimate test in golf, and sometimes that leads to a series of trick questions.

Take Shinnecock Hills Golf Club 14 years ago, for example.

A year after Jim Furyk tied the tournament's scoring record at Olympia Fields Country Club, conditions at the 2004 U.S. Open were so bone dry and lightning fast that only three players broke par on the weekend, none on Sunday. Fans having to move to the side because of a golf ball rolling toward them is not unusual, except when the player hit the shot with his putter from the green. Tee shots that landed on the seventh green rolled off the putting surface and into a bunker.

One year after Rory McIlroy broke the tournament's scoring record at Congressional Country Club, no one broke par at Olympic Club in 2012, when Webb Simpson won.

Moments like this lead to criticism that the United States Golf Association overreacts. Justin Rose sees it another way.

"When everything is in balance, it's kind of boring," said Rose, who won the 2013 U.S. Open at Merion Golf Club. "And I think in life, the closer you get to the edges, that's where the excitement is. So I would say the USGA is not reactionary. It's counterbalancing. So if you go too far one way, you've got to come back the other way. You don't want to fall off the edge."

That's the question going into the 118th U.S. Open, which starts today at the Long Island club that hosted that tricky test in 2004.

Might the USGA lean toward going easy on players because of what happened the last time at Shinnecock Hills? Or will it make it tougher on them because of the record scoring last year at Erin Hills? Brooks Koepka tied the mark in relation to par at 16 under, and six other players finished at 10 under or lower.

"We're confident this should be a marvelous test," said Mike Davis, the chief executive of the USGA who has been in charge of setting up the courses for the tournament since 2006, when the winning number at Winged Foot Golf Club was 5 over.

Davis believes Shinnecock Hills is right where the USGA wants it, even with a light, steady rain on the final day of practice. But Wednesday is never the measure of how a golf course presents itself.

McIlroy is among those who likes what he has seen. It's not a U.S. Open if players aren't complaining, but it's been a quiet three days ahead of competition. The biggest question is whether the fairways are narrow enough. They are tighter than last year at Erin Hills, for sure, and an average of 15 yards wider than in 2004.

"Honestly, I think they've got it right," McIlroy, 29, said. "It presents guys with options off the tee. You have to make a decision basically on every tee box what you're going to do. I'm obviously not that old, but when I watched U.S. Opens on TV and saw these long, narrow corridors of fairways and thick rough, that's what I was used to at a U.S. Open. If you look at the venues that are coming up, they're very traditional venues like Oakmont, Winged Foot, Pebble Beach.

"Maybe you'll see more of what we perceive as a traditional U.S. Open setup."

Rain was expected to yield to plenty of sun over the next four days, with the strongest wind likely today. Davis said he already has called several audibles on the original plan of where to put the pins on the greens, an example of the USGA not wanting the course to get on the wild side.

Davis also said the winning score is not an issue at a major where par tends to be at a premium.

"Never since I've been at the USGA — and it's been almost 30 years — I've never heard anybody at the USGA say we're shooting for even par," Davis said. "But we talk incessantly, 'How do we get the course to be really a great test of golf?' As we say, get all 14 clubs dirty to make sure that these players are tested to the nth degree."

And what makes a good championship inside the ropes?

The quality of the winner? Different players have won the past 15 U.S. Opens, the longest stretch of the four majors. The margin? The last playoff was 10 years ago, when Tiger Woods won at Torrey Pines, and three of the past four U.S. Opens have been decided by three or more strokes.

"You need some great players in the mix," Rose said. "You need some great story lines."

This U.S. Open is not lacking for either. Five players have a chance to replace Dustin Johnson at No. 1 in the world. Woods is hitting the ball well enough to win any week if he ever gets all parts of his game working together. Phil Mickelson, in the USGA record book with his six runner-up finishes, needs only this trophy to complete the career Grand Slam.